After heart problems, urological problems are the second most frequent condition among neonates. Many of these issues are detected early in pregnancy, allowing us to intervene immediately once the baby is born. Others are picked up when they are a kid. Children that do not void after delivery should be considered extremely vulnerable. When obstructive urinary lesions are discovered, nephrostomy drainage is always safer than a suprapubic cystostomy or a urethral catheter, which must be tiny and can lead to deadly infection. Obstructions of the bladder neck are treated surgically. Neonatal urologists are surgeons who specialise in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of urinary and genital disorders in children.