Clinical ethics (bioethics, medical ethics, and healthcare ethics) have become more prevalent in the healthcare system as neonatal medicine has evolved around the world. Neonatal medicine has been practised for nearly 70 years with the goal of improving the health and survival of premature and critically sick babies through specialised and intensive care procedures. Modern breakthroughs in intensive care and treatment of ill infants have added to the difficulty of neonatal medicine today. These changes have resulted in a slew of ethical dilemmas and conflicts in ethical decision-making. Because there are inherent distinctions between adults and children, concerns concerning children and infant care, as well as ethical decision-making, are vastly different. Patients' rights, interactions with parents, communication and cooperation, and end-of-life considerations are the most important topics in the subject of ethics, respectively. Staff that pay attention to the ethical aspects of their profession, are conversant with ethical concepts, and can make sound decisions are needed in today's complicated health systems. Failure at any point can lead to unethical behaviour.