Pediatric neurology is a subspecialty of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders in newborns, babies, children, and adolescents. Pediatric neurology is the study of diseases and disorders of the spinal cord, brain, peripheral nervous system (PNS), autonomic nervous system (ANS), muscles, and blood vessels in children and adolescents. A paediatric neurologist has the particular skills and understanding to assess, diagnose, and treat a kid who has abnormalities with the neurological system. Pediatric neurologists treat a wide range of ailments, from simple disorders like migraines or cerebral palsy to more difficult and unusual conditions like metabolic diseases or neurodegenerative disorders. Pediatric neurosurgery provides patients with modern surgical treatment employing cutting-edge technology, backed by active research and the most up-to-date scientific understanding. Many neurological disorders in children are congenital, which means they are birth abnormalities or conditions that occur while the child is still in the womb. Other issues arise later in a child's life. Infants can develop neurological abnormalities for a variety of reasons, with a wide range of consequences for the newborn and his or her family.