Scientific research is the primary source of innovation in the medical field, especially paediatrics. Any examination into fundamental scientific topics is considered basic research. Improving care also necessitates research. Assistance, teaching, and research were the three competencies of the Primary Care Pediatrician, with clinical and fundamental research being required. For the development of child and adolescent health, continuing education and research in search of the greatest scientific evidence are essential. Another major area of 'paediatric' fundamental research is the study of biological development as it applies to humans. Again, the advancement of molecular genetics has helped us to obtain a greater understanding of the interconnections among the many genes that control mammalian development. As a result, it would be preferable that paediatricians view research as vital and essential in their specialty.