Newborn babies that need extensive medical care are often kept in a separate portion of the hospital called the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The NICU is equipped with cutting-edge equipment and highly educated medical personnel to provide specialised treatment for the youngest infants. NICUs may also have spaces dedicated to babies who aren't as unwell but still require specialised nursing care. To care for sick and premature babies, NICUs contain highly trained medical staff and specialised equipment. A unique bedside nurse and other specialists keep a close eye on each newborn. The majority of NICUs want to involve parents and assist them in understanding what is going on. The majority of babies admitted to the NICU are premature (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy), have a low birth weight (less than 5.5 pounds), or have a medical condition that needs extra attention.