Neonatal nursing is a branch of nursing that deals with newborns who have a range of issues, such as prematurity, birth defects, infection, heart anomalies, and surgical issues. Although the neonatal era is defined as the first month of life, newborns are frequently unwell for months. Neonatal nursing includes not only the care of newborns who have problems soon after delivery, but also the care of infants who have long-term problems as a result of their prematurity or illness after birth. A neonatal nurse works with newborn babies and their parents, assisting them with child care. They assist new parents in holding, bathing, and feeding their babies, and they frequently serve as a link between the parent and the infant's specialists.